We investigated whether the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) score is a prognostic factor for overall survival (OS) in elderly patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
We included 451 NSCLC patients aged 70-89 years enrolled in the Intergroupe Francophone de Cancérologie Thoracique 0501 trial, using scores of the European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Core 30 at baseline to investigate the prognostic value of HRQoL for OS, in addition to conventional factors. Cox regression model was used for both univariate and multivariate analyses of OS.
Global health status (GH) dimension score at baseline was associated with favourable OS when adjusted for clinical, functional, and histological factors (hazard ratio [HR]: 0.986; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.980-0.992). We distinguished three groups according to GH score: high (GH <46), intermediate (46 ≤GH ≤67), and low (GH >67) mortality risk. The median OS values were 14.5, 8.2, and 5.3 months in the low-, intermediate-, and high-risk categories, respectively (log-rank P <0.0001). In the high-risk group, doublet chemotherapy was not associated with favourable OS (HR: 0.70; 95% CI: 0.49-1.003; P=0.052), whereas in the intermediate- and low-risk groups, doublet chemotherapy was associated with favourable OS (HR: 0.72; 95% CI: 0.54-0.96; P=0.023 and HR: 0.50; 95% CI: 0.30-0.84; P=0.0089, respectively).
This study supports the additional prognostic value of HRQoL data at diagnosis to identify vulnerable subpopulations in elderly NSCLC patients. HRQoL could thus be valuable in selecting patients who will benefit from doublet chemotherapy.