About 5% of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas are inherited due to a deleterious germline mutation detected in 20% or fewer families. Pancreatic screening in high-risk individuals is proposed to allow early surgical treatment of (pre)malignant lesions. The outcomes of pancreatic surgery in high-risk individuals have never been correctly explored.
To evaluate surgical appropriateness and search for associated factors in high-risk individuals.
A patient-level meta-analysis was performed including studies published since 1999. Individual classification distinguished the highest risk imaging abnormality into low-risk or high-risk abnormality, and the highest pathological degree of malignancy of lesions into no/low malignant potential or potentially/frankly malignant. Surgical appropriateness was considered when potentially/frankly malignant lesions were resected.
Thirteen out of 24 studies were selected, which reported 90 high-risk individuals operated on. Low-risk/high-risk abnormalities were preoperatively detected in 46.7%/53.3% of operated high-risk individuals, respectively. Surgical appropriateness was consistent in 38 (42.2%) high-risk individuals, including 20 pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (22.2%). Identification of high-risk abnormalities was strongly associated with surgical appropriateness at multivariate analysis (P = 0.001). We proposed a score and nomogram predictive of surgical appropriateness, including high-risk abnormalities, age and existence of deleterious germline mutation.
Overall, 42.2% of high-risk individuals underwent appropriate surgery. The proposed score might help selecting the best candidates among high-risk individuals for pancreatic resection.
Familial pancreatic carcinoma; cancer screening; hereditary neoplastic syndromes; pancreatic neoplasm; pancreatic surgery