OBJECTIVES: We conducted a prospective study approved by the local ethics committee to determine the impact of a pharmaceutical intervention (PI) on pain, fatigue, quality of life (QoL) and coping strategies in patients with HMs starting chemotherapy sessions.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients received either usual care (UC)+PI (PI group) or UC alone (UC group). They had to complete 2 questionnaires, QLQ-C30 and MAC 21, at 3 different time points: before starting the 1st chemotherapy session (T1), during the intercure (T2) and the day before starting the 2nd chemotherapy session (T3). To determine predictive factors of pain, fatigue, QoL and coping scores at T3, a multivariate ANOVA was used. QoL and coping scores were analysed longitudinally using a linear mixed model.
RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients were included in the PI (n=34) or UC groups (n=34). Ninety-two percent of the patients returned all the questionnaires. At inclusion, QoL was significantly better in the PI group (P=0.047). At T3, the group had no influence on pain, fatigue, nor coping scores but a trend towards a better QoL was observed in the PI group (P=0.090). Longitudinally, the PI group did not present significantly better scores on pain, fatigue but both a trend toward better Qol scores and lower anxious preoccupations scores.
CONCLUSION: A PI at the beginning of chemotherapy sessions did not have any significant impact on pain and fatigue but a trend towards better Qol scores and lower anxious preoccupations scores.